Car Audio Woofer Boxes-sunny came home

Enclosures for Car Audio Woofers: Because woofers move a lot of air they generate a back wave behind them. Mounting a woofer in a open space without an enclosure will cause a loss of bass as the back wave cancels the sound from the front of the woofer. There are many varieties of types of enclosures for woofers to handle this backwave. A popular one is a ported box. This enclosure has the woofer mounted in box with a hole in it and a port (tube) attached to the hole. The port is made a specific size and depth to cause a "bump" or rise in the frequency response at that point. This makes the overall system more efficient but can lead to the bass to be somewhat "boomy" or less "tight" depending on how its done. A newer technique is a bandpass enclosure. The woofer is mounted inside the box and fires into another chamber within the box that is ported to the outside. Again, this increases efficiency significantly but only at a certain frequency. This effect can make the system very loud and boomy. Another method employs mounting the woofer (which needs to be a free air type in this case) to the rear deck of the car and using the trunk as a big box. This method is subject to many variables but can work well if done properly. Another benefit of this method is that you do not lose space from a large enclosure box. The oldest and most popular type is a sealed enclosure. This method simply has the woofer firing into the car and the back wave is suppressed inside the box. This method usually produces tight accurate bass but is not as efficient. Also this method typically requires a large box to work well. Finally because of the lower efficiency of this design more powerful amps and woofers are needed to play loudly. When any of these enclosures are created using the specs of the woofer as a guide you can create the type of bass response that you desire. BOX STUFF Box Material Speaker boxes can be made of anything rigid enough to not vibrate and cause losses or distortion; the most regular materials are Plywood, Particleboard, and MDF (medium density fiberboard). The box material should be considered for the application by the system designer and chosen for the individual application. .mon belief is that MDF is superior to other materials, which is not true. Box Construction Usually, for car audio, custom boxes are usually made from MDF and are glued together with wood glue, the box builders usually tap these boxes together with a brad nailer or screw it together. The brads, screws or nails are basically to hold the box together till the glue dries, the glue is the real strength. Also, most installers will seal the inside seams of the box with some kind of goop or caulk, I have used clear or black silicone for decades and I like it the best. There has been recent talk that fumes from silicone are bad for loudspeakers, but this is a false claim. Bracing the box When the woofer moves in and out while in the speaker box a fair amount of internal air pressure is present when the speaker moves in and a negative air pressure occurs in the box when the speaker moves out, plus a whole lot of vibrations occur from the speaker moving and these pressure changes Thicker/denser wood reduce vibration. If the box panels are large (or thin), they can resonate enough to make hear able distortions. Bracing the box can help reduce these distortions. In a box with two woofers a center divider can also act as a brace. Internal or external bracing is easy to make and makes the box more sturdy. Importance of an Airtight seal A sealed enclosure is designed to (a) keep the back wave of the speaker from .ing in contact with the front wave of the speaker. (b) causes the air pressure in the box to add a suspension .ponent to the speaker (in other words the air pressure of the box keeps the speaker from moving too far as it plays). A 100% airtight box is hard to achieve. However too many small leaks can cause distortion. Generally, a few small air leaks wont change the performance of the woofer like folks seem to think, in fact an air leak would have to be huge to greatly affect (a) and (b) above The main thing we want achieve is avoid air leaks because of whistles! .mon Enclosures There seems to be some confusion about using a divider in a woofer box with two woofers Many installers seem to be telling their customers that by having no divider the box will make more bass! This is not right, this is the excuse given by unqualified or lazy professionals!!! If both woofers are exactly the same, the box will sound the exact with and without a divider! There is no increase at all by not using a divider But there are some good reasons for having the divider! a) It braces the box! b) It prevents the speakers from interacting inside the box If the woofers are putting out the exact same sound and level then having no divider wont matter. But what happens if one speaker is playing LESS than the other speaker??? If one speaker is playing and the other is not playing at all, the lack of a divider will allow air pressure to .e in from the non functioning speaker causing a drop in the quality of sound from the good speaker. This would not be the case with a divider. Even if both speakers are functioning there would still be an issue if one plays less sound. The sound from the loud speaker averages down with no divider. This also can be avoided with a divider. So basically, without a divider even a little problem with one speaker will make the whole box sound bad, but with a divider it is .mon for one speaker to .pletely go silent and the working one still sounds great! So the wise choice is to use a divider. How to figure box size To figure out how big a box is measure the Height, Width, and Depth of the box (in inchees, then HxWxD / 1728 will give you the cubic ft. of the box. Typically you will be concerned with the airspace inside the box so be certain to get the inside measurements and not the outside measurements for your calculations. How to figure angles of the box To calculate a truckbox or one with a simple angle, measure Height, Width, Top depth and Bottom depth use the formula (HxWx(TD+BD)/1728)/2 to convert it to cubic Ft. For situations with more than one angle you will have to measure and calculate sections and then add the sections together for your total. 相关的主题文章:

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