Indian Chewing Tobacco Spreads Oral Cancer-nibbuns

Cancer Safiq Chadka was 13 when he started chewing a blend of tobacco and spices. A few years later, doctors pared off his tongue in order to stop the cancer which was spreading through his mouth. Shaikh believed the fragrant, granular mixture he chewed, known in India as gutka, was a harmless stimulant and at first he ignored the milky lump growing inside his mouth. Now Shaikh is one of about 200,000 Indians diagnosed with a tobacco-related malignancy this year, says his surgeon, Pankaj Chaturvedi. Currently Chadka is one of about 200,000 Indians with a smoking-related cancer registered this year. It was found out that India has the greatest number of oral cases in the world. Sales of chewing tobacco constituted 210.3 billion rupees ($4.6 billion) in 2004 and it was stated that by 2014 this figure will double. As long as people will experiment this product, they will be.e slaves of tobacco industry, stated Chaturvedi, who works at the Asias largest cancer treatment center. India had almost 70,000 diagnosed cases of cancers of the mouth in 2008, the highest in the world ahead of the U.S. at 23,000 cases, according to statistics .piled by the World Health Organizations International Agency for Research on Cancer. I have seen many children chewing gutka (chewing tobacco in India) and who lately got cancer, said Chaturvedi. Gutka may be obtained across India in bright pouches, and once opened the granular mixture emits a sweet-scented smell. Inside the mouth, it has a gravel consistence and produces a tingling sensation on the tongue. It is namely the scraping of the mouths lining which can speed the effect of nicotine and cancer-causing chemicals, said Dhirendra Sinha, the representative of WHOs New Delhi office. Street vendors are always present around schools, thus violating Indian law, which bans the sale of tobacco products within 100 yards of educational institutions. I am trying to quit this habit, but it is too difficult, tacking into account all these shops around our school, said Javeed Shaikh, who started chewing gutka three years ago and currently consumes two or three packets per day. The mixture of tobacco and areca nut makes gutka, very addictive. Areca nut is the most frequently used psychoactive substance in the world, after tobacco, alcohol and caffeine, according to the WHO. A chemical analysis of gutka conducted in 2008, demonstrated that it contains arsenic, chromium, lead, nickel and other tobacco- related nitrosamines, all of which are know as carcinogens. A manufacturer of gutka, Rajendra Malu stated that he sold more than 250 million packets last year. He doesnt believe that gutka may lead to cancer. I have been chewing gutka for the last 37 years and I dont have any disease, he said. Gutka is mostly used in India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, but is started to be used in other countries due to migration, according to the International Agency for Research on Cancer. More youngsters are picking up the habit. A survey of 1,500 teenagers in Mumbai aged 13 to 15 found that double the students identified themselves as tobacco chewers .pared with a decade ago, according to Healis, a public health research institute. A spokesman for Altria, Bill Phelps, declined to .ment and deferred to a statement found on Philip Morris USAs website that says public health authorities found smokeless tobacco products are addictive and can cause cancer, heart problems and diseases of the mouth, gums and teeth. A British American Tobacco spokeswoman, Kate Matrunola, said some smokeless tobacco products like Swedish snus are less damaging than cigarettes, though smokeless does not mean harmless. Earlier this month, delegates from governments of 171 countries, including India, agreed at the latest session of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control to regulate flavouring ingredients that are used to lure youngsters and focus more on control and prevention of smokeless tobacco. About the Author: 相关的主题文章:

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